German painter; born in 1894 at Chemnitz-Rotluff. Schmidt-Rottluff was one of the founders of Die Brücke together with Kirchner and Heckel. The development of his painting during the years 1905-1910 (Dresden period) was closely linked with the formation of the first Brücke style, born of work done in common. Lithography, to which he introduced his friends, and especially woodcuts, influenced his painting, in which simple forms, applied flat and in pure colours with red predominating, are united in a vigorous rhythm. Schmidt-Rottluff was of a more robust character than Kirchner or Heckel, and within the group his works stand out by reason of their architectural quality. He had a more elemental, more earthy force, which made him a link between them and Nolde. After 1910, in Berlin, the differences between his an and that of his friends became more marked. This was partially due to his practice of producing the illusion of space by perspective, unlike Kirchner in particular. During the very steady development of his painting, Schmidt-Rottluff has obstinately sought a synthesis between this perspective and a powerful and solid organization of surface. Throughout his life he has executed numerous large water colours, but his most valuable production is his woodcuts, and in particular those of the Brücke period. Here blacks and whites, in masses, points and ridges, meet violently; the expression is simple yet powerful.

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