This Russian movement, launched by Michael Larionov in 1911-1912, seems to have derived partially from Futurism. At least the lectures given by Marinetti in Moscow and St Petersburg in 1910 were not alien to its development. Larionov went farther than Futurism in a movement that he baptized Rayonism (Luchism in Russian). However, the manifesto of this movement was not published until 1913. In it one reads that a Rayonist canvas must give the impression of gliding out of time and space to convey a feeling of a fourth dimension, and that to achieve this end the painter must resort to parallel or crossed beams of colour. The canvases of Larionov and Gontcharova are among the first really abstract works painted in this century, without any reminiscences of traditional visual reality.

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