The doctrine of pure plastic art derived by Mondrian from Cubism, and consisting in the exclusive use of the right angle in a horizontalvertical position and of the three primary colours in conjunction with the three 'non-colours', white, black and grey. Mondrian's development of the concept of Neo-Plasticism was the result of five years of research and active meditation, brush or pen in hand ( 1912-1917). Theo van Doesburg was his first follower ( 1916). From their meeting in Amsterdam was born the magazine De Stijl ( 1917- 1928), in which Mondrian could express his ideas at leisure, and which was, until 1924, the organ of radical NeoPlasticism produced with the collaboration of the painter Huszar and of the painter and sculptor Vantongerloo (vide Stijl). Later, Mondrian continued alone but untiringly until his death to apply the law of Neo-Plasticism, so that his name is almost synonymous with the term. Besides writing numerous articles in De Stijl, he developed his ideas in a booklet, NeoPlasticism, which appeared at the Effort Moderne Gallery of Léonce Rosenberg in Paris in 1920. A German version of this essay appeared in 1925, in the series of books published by the Bauhaus, under the title Neue Gestaltung. Finally, as Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art, Mondrian's essays in English were published in New York in 1945.

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