MARCHAND André
Born at Aix-en Provence February 10, 1907. His mother was from Provence, his father of Flemish ancestry and teacher of mathematics. Marchand studied at Aix-en-Provence, while at the same time he frequented the drawing courses held in the evening. His early admiration goes from Egyptian and Primitive art to Cézanne. When he comes to Paris, in order to earn a living, he sells Le Monde at the subway exit. He becomes friendly with Tal Coat and Gruber; four years later he meets Darius Milhaud, who introduces him to Pierre Colle. He exhibits for the first time at the Salon d'Automne of 1930, at the Salon des Indépendants of 1931, then finally with the group which calls itself "Forces Nouvelles" yet without becoming a part of it. He made several trips in France: Provence and Bourgogne, and spent seven months at Biskra, returning to Paris with a group of canvases which he exhibits in 1934. In the following year he visits Vienna, Warsaw, even traveling as far as Moscow. In 1937 he is awarded the Prix Paul Guillaume. He was mobilised and served in the war. In 1942 he was Fontainebleau, then afterwards at Saulieu. In 1945 he exhibited at the Salon de Mai. In 1947 the Galerie Maeght organized a special and important exhibition of his works. In 1945 he returned to southern France, dividing his time between Aix-en-Provence and Paris. His artistic evolution continued, leading to a less figurative conception of creative forms (Exhibition at the Galerie Drouant-David and at the Galerie Visconti 1956).
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