Born at Bruyères (Vosges) July 1, 1892 of a family of Spanish ancestry. He began painting in Nancy in the atelier of Victor Prouvé. He came to Paris at the age of eighteen and studied under Bernard Naudin. Mobilised in 1914 he wrote anti-militarist poems and articles, and for this he is sent to prison. After the war he travels a great deal; the Spanish countryside ( 1919), the Sahara Desert ( 1924) have a considerable influence on his work. Already inspired by Surrealism, Lurçat paints large landscapes with a feeling for space and dreams, often cut by the vertical of a dismantled fence. In 1930, fascinated by the beauty of a shipyard construction, he introduces in his painting several maritime elements. Lurçat has never given up painting, nevertheless his most significant and important work is in the field of tapestry. 1915 dates his interest in this mural art, and it is to him that we are indebted for this veritable renewal of twentieth-century French tapestry art. Lurçat excels also in ceramics.

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