LE FAUCONNIER, Henri
(1881-1946) Born at Hesdin (Pas-de-Calais) in 1881. In 1901 he came to live in Paris and five years later enrolled at the Académie Julian, where Segonzac, Boussingault and La Fresnaye are his atelier comrades. In 1908 and 1909 he is at Ploumanach in Brittany painting rocky landscapes and peasants in colorful costumes and in a well formed style which already announces his coming adherence to Cubism. In 1911 he takes an active part in the presentation of Room 41 of the Salon des Indépendants in which works of the Cubists are on view and where his own work is shown as well. He becomes at the beginning of the following year atelier head of the Académie de la Palette. He is in Holland when war is declared. Unfit for military service he remains in the Low Countries. Having got away from Cubism since 1913, he accentuates his searchings for expression inspired by the Gothic art of the North in which he had become keenly interested before 1914. His expressionism does not go by unnoticed; he has had considerable influence on many a Dutch and Belgian artist. In 1920 Le Fauconnier returns to France, slowly turning his back to an expressionist manner and aiming for austerity, dating from 1925. He whom his his friends had dubbed "The Wonderman" was destined to die in January 1946, unjustly forgotten.
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