(born in Dï6beln, Saxony, in 1883). German painter, one of the founders of the Brücke. ne style of that movement is reflected in his painting, with its angular, pointed forms, influenced by woodengraving, at which he was a master.
But these forms, in his case, convey intensity of feeling rather than an emphasis on structure. He is attracted by the invalid's quiet sadness, by a Dostoevskian anxiety ( Two Men at a Table, painting 1912, woodcut 1913), by the enchanting transparency of light ( Translucence, 1913). His wartime landscapes show the elements in conflict. Since 1920 the expressive force of his plastic language has diminished, and Heckel, drawing closer to Nature, has set himself to revealing the rhythmic grandeur of certain landscapes in Germany and Italy. The lyrical tenderness of his art is evident in his choice of colours, in the mat shades of his palette.