ESPRIT NOUVEAU, L'
The title of a review founded in 1920 by Ozenfant and Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), which for twenty years reflected the new trends in intellectual activity in the period following the First World War. The collaborators of the Esprit Nouveau felt that a great epoch had just begun, and that all forms of human activity were at last going to be governed by one single principle. The aim of their efforts was the triumph of the spirit of construction and synthesis, which they considered was as necessary in the sphere of art and letters as in that of philosophy and the applied sciences. 'The constructive spirit', they said, 'is as necessary for the creation of a picture or a poem as it is for the building of a bridge.' The review, which had many distinguished contributors in all fields of creative activity, had a significant influence on modern thought.