Born at Fontainebleau August 19, 1890. In 1908 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he studied in the ateliers of Baschet and Royer. Left the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for the Académie Ranson where Bonnard, Vuillard and Roussel were teaching along with Maurice Denis and Sérusier. Exhibited for the first time at the Salon des Indépendants of 1912; worked with Denis on the decoration of the ChampsElysées Theatre. Like every artist his age, he was attracted by the Cubist movement, but he soon revealed an independent personality related to that of the Expressionists, Gromaire particularly. "He proceeds," wrote Roger Allard, "by dark and luminous masses, and it is at the edge of each mass that the outlines are revealed. His suggestion of spatial relations which is particularly strong does not need the artificial means of a jewel setting which gives the illusion of definite firmness." He has evolved towards a more colorful art and one that is more submissive to the appearances of the outside world which he interprets less.