In order to provide a centre of activity for the Nabi movement, founded under Gauguin's influence, Paul Ranson and his wife France, founded an Academy in Paris in 1908. They had been acquainted for some time with Gauguin's ideas through Sérusier, who had met Gauguin in Brittany in 1888 and been immediately carried away with enthusiasm for his art and perhaps even more for his theories. These Sérusier transmitted to Ranson as well as to his other friends at the Académie Julian: Bonnard, Denis, Roussel, Vuillard. These young artists, who called themselves the Nabis, propounded a new type of painting characterized by the simplification of line and colour with a view to achieving the decorative effect which was their main preoccupation. But they needed a headquarters where they could teach the results of their research. This they found at the Académie Ranson. Maurice Denis and Sérusier (who had La Fresnaye and Goerg among his pupils) taught there in 1908, as did Vuillard and Roussel. Later, such different artists as Vallotton and La Patellière, Kisling and Maillol, Christian Bérard and Gromaire frequented the school. Closed during the Second World War, the Academy reopened in 1951, and is now continuing its work, still faithful to the principles of independence and liberty.