About 1898, the French painter Eugène Carrière opened an Academy in Paris, where he used to come each week to correct the work done by his pupils, among them Matisse, Derain, Puy and Laprade. Although he did not wholly approve of their efforts, Carrière always gave them friendly encouragement. The young Fauves, therefore, were all the more sincerely grateful to their teacher because they knew that he sponsored them more out of broadmindedness than any faith in what they were trying to do. In fact, the painter of the Maternités (all of them drowned in that hazy umber that made Degas remark: 'Someone's been smoking in the nursery again!') was always grumbling at the flaming colours that his pupils used. They drove him one day to ask: 'What would you do if you had to paint a parrot?'
The Académie Carrière was short lived. After only a few years of existence, it was obliged to close for lack of pupils. Carrière's teaching was always very liberal. He let his pupils work according to their individual gifts and inspiration, contenting himself, as Matisse has said, with merely curbing anything that he considered excessive.